Marina Abramović performance artist. Serbia, New York. 1946-
Josef and Anni Albers artists, educators. Germany, Connecticut. 1888-1976, 1899-1994.
Carl Andre sculptor, minimalism. Massachusetts. 1935-
Rosaire Appel book artist, asemic writer. New York.
Robert Atwell painter, installation artist. Wisconsin.
Joseph Beuys performance artist, sculptor, installation artist, graphic artist, art theorist, pedagogue, Fluxus. Germany. 1921-1986.
John Cage artist, composer, music theorist, writer, philosopher. California, New York. 1912-1992.
Sophie Calle writer, photographer, installation artist, conceptual artist. France. 1953-
Joseph Cornell artist, sculptor, pioneers of assemblage, avant-garde experimental filmmaker. New York. 1903-1972.
Janet Cardiff & George Bures Miller multimedia installation artists. British Columbia. 1957- 1960-
Maurizio Cattelan sculptor, installation artist. Italy, New York. 1960-
Martin Creed artist, musician. United Kingdom. 1968-
Eugène Delacroix painter, romanticism. France. 1798-1863.
Marcel Duchamp painter, sculptor, chess player, writer, Cubism, conceptual art, Dada. 1887-1968, France, New York
Theo van Doesburg artist, painter, writer, poet, architect, de Stijl. Netherlands. 1883-1931.
Olafur Eliasson sculptor, designer, installation artist. Denmark, Iceland. 1967-
Layla Curtis visual artist. United Kingdom. 1999-
Andy Ducett illustrator, sculptor, installation artist. Minnesota.
Agnes Denes conceptual artist, graphic artist, poet, writer. Hungary, New York. 1938-
Dan Flavin sculptor, installation artist, minimalism. New York. 1933-1996.
Henry Flynt philosopher, avant-garde musician, anti-art activist, conceptual art, Fluxus, nihilism. North Carolina. 1940-
Jean-Christophe Giacottino asemic writer. France. 1970-
Andy Goldsworthy sculptor, photographer, environmentalist, land artist. United Kingdom. 1956-
Felix Gonzalez-Torres sculptor, installation artist, minimalism. Cuba, Florida. 1957-1996.
Barbara Hepworth artist, sculptor, modernism. United Kingdom. 1903-1975.
Jenny Holzer neo-conceptual artist. Ohio, New York. 1950-
Pierre Huyghe filmmaker, sculptor, public intervention and living systems artist. France. 1962.
Donald Judd sculptor, installation artist, architect, minimalism. Missouri, Texas, York City. 1928- 1994.
Frida Kahlo painter. Mexico. 1907-1954.
Maira Kalman artist and author. New York. 1949–
Corita Kent artist, designer, educator. Iowa, Los Angeles, Massachusetts. 1918-1986.
Rachel Khedoori contemporary artist, modernism. Iraq, Australia. 1964-
Yves Kline performance art, pop art, minimalism, nouveau réalisme. France. 1928-1963.
Sol LeWitt conceptual artist, minimalism. Connecticut, New York. 1928-2007.
El Lissitzky artist, designer, photographer, typographer, polemicist, architect, suprematism. Russia. 1890-1941.
Richard Long sculptor, land artist. United Kingdom. 1945-
Miwa Matreyek animator, director, designer, performer. California.
Scott McCloud cartoonist, comics theorist, author. Massachusetts. 1960-
Takashi Murakami contemporary artist. Japan. 1962-
Bruce Nauman sculpture, photography, video, illustrator, printmaker, performance artist. Indiana, New Mexico. 1941-
Joshua Norton printmaker. Minnesota.
Kuzana Ogg painter. Sri Lanka. Minnesota. 1971-
Yoko Ono multimedia artist, singer, songwriter, activist, performance artist, filmmaker. Japan, New York. 1933-
Gabriel Orozco painter, photographer, sculptor, installation artist. Mexico. 1962-
Isamu Noguchi sculptor, designer, landscape architect. Japan, New York. 1904-1988.
Maxfield Parrish painter, illustrator, neo-classical. Pennsylvania, New Hampshire. 1870-1966.
Pablo Picasso painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist, stage designer, poet, playwright. Spain, France. 1881-1973.
Jon Rafman artist, filmmaker, essayist. Canada. 1981-
Bridget Riley painter, op art. United Kingdom, France. 1931-
Aleksandr Rodchenko artist, sculptor, photographer, graphic designer, constructivism. Russia. 1891–1956.
Richard Serra minimalist sculptor, video artist, process art movement. San Francisco. 1939-
Robert Smithson sculptor, photographer, land artist. New Jersey, Texas. 1938-1973.
Yutaka Sone sculptor, painter, performance artist, filmmaker. Los Angeles. 1965-
Simon Starling conceptual artist. United Kingdom. 1967-
James Turrell contemporary artist. California. 1943-
Nils Udo environmental art. Bavaria, Germany. 1937-
Ai WeiWei installation artist, contemporary artist, sculptor, activist. China. 1957-
Lawrence Weiner conceptual artist, post-minimalism. New York. 1942-
Pae White installation artist. California. 1963-
Alvar Aalto architect, furniture, textile, and glassware designer. Finland. 1898-1976.
Le Corbusier architect, designer, painter, urban planner, writer, pioneer of modern architecture. Switzerland, France. 1887-1965.
Zaha Hadid architect. Iraq, United Kingdom. 1950-2016.
Josef Hoffmann architect, industrial designer, Vienna secession. Austria. 1870-1956.
E. Fay Jones architect, designer. Arkansas. 1921–2004.
Ian McHarg landscape architect, author, educator. United Kingdom, Pennsylvania. 1920-2001.
Frederick Law Olmsted landscape architect, journalist, social critic, pioneer of landscape architecture. Connecticut, Massachusetts. 1822-1903.
Paolo Solari architect. Italy, Arizona. 1919-2013.
Barbara Stauffacher Solomon landscape architect, graphic designer. California. 1928-
Maya Lin architect, designer, artist, sculptor, land artist. Ohio, New York. 1959-
Louis Sullivan architect, “father of modernism.” Massachusetts. 1856-1924.
Frank Lloyd Wright architect, interior designer, writer, educator. 1867-1959, Wisconsin, Illinois, Arizona.
Paola Antonelli author, editor, curator. Italy, New York. 1963-
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi psychologist. Croatia, California. 1934-
Sepp Holzer farmer, author, permaculture and agroforestry consultant. Austria. 1942-
Bill Mollison researcher, author, scientist, teacher, biologist,”father of permaculture.” Australia. 1928-2016.
Hans Rosling medical doctor, academic, statistician. Sweden. 1948-
Srikumar Rao author, educator. India. 1951-
Ken Robinson author, educator. United Kingdom. 1950-
Saul Bass graphic designer, filmmaker. New York, California. 1920-1996.
Giulio Cittato industrial designer. Italy. 1936–1986.
Matali Crasset industrial designer. France. 1965-
Wim Crouwel graphic designer, type designer, typographer. Netherlands. 1928-
Charles and Ray Eames architects, artists, designers, filmmakers. Missouri, Michigan, California. 1907–1978, 1912–1988.
Buckminster Fuller architect, systems theorist, author, designer, and inventor. 1895-1983. Massachusetts, California.
Milton Glaser graphic designer. New York. 1929-
Rudolph de Harak graphic designer, modernism. California, Maine. 1924-2002.
Armin Hoffman graphic designer. Switzerland. 1920-
John H. Howe architect, draftsman, graphic designer. Illinois, Minnesota. 1913-1997.
Barbara Kruger graphic designer, conceptual artist. New Jersey, New York. 1945-
Raymond Loewy industrial designer. France. 1893-1986.
George Lois art director, designer, and author. United States. 1931-
William Morris textile designer, poet, novelist, translator, socialist activist, arts and crafts. United Kingdom. 1834-1896.
Bruno Munari designer, artist, designer, inventor, modernism, futurism, concrete art. Italy. 1907-1998.
Paul Rand graphic designer, art director. New York. 1914-1996.
Gerrit Rietveld industrial designer, architect, de Stijl. Netherlands. 1888-1964.
Emil Ruder typographer, graphic designer. Switzerland. 1914-1970.
Eero Saarinen architect, industrial designer. Finland, Michigan. 1910-1961.
Eric Skillman designer, art director. New York.
Philippe Stark interior, product, industrial and architectural designer. France. 1949-
Jan Tschichold typographer, book designer, teacher, writer. Germany, Switzerland. 1902-1974.
Massimo Vignelli industrial designer. Italy, New York. 1931-2014.
Ansel Adams photographer, environmentalist. California. 1902-1984.
Karl Blossfeldt photographer, sculptor, educator. Germany. 1865-1932.
Eric Fischl painter, sculptor, printmaker. New York. 1948-
Lee Jeffries photographer. United Kingdom.
Dorothea Lange documentary photographer, photojournalist. New Jersey. 1895-1965.
Louise Lawler artist and photographer. New York. 1947-
Annie Leibovitz portrait photographer. Connecticut. 1949-
Hayao Miyazaki film director, producer, screenwriter, animator, author, manga artist. Japan. 1941-
Paul Outerbridge photographer. New York, California. 1896-1958.
Ian Ruhter photography. California.
Cindy Sherman photographer, conceptual artist, film director. New Jersey. 1954-
Vibeke Tandberg photographer, contemporary artist. Norway. 1967-
Design Observer design news website. New York. 2003-
Dwell architecture magazine. 2000-
Elephant Magazine visual arts magazine, United Kingdom. 2009-
Manystuff graphic design blog. France. 2005-2015.
Typewolf typography blog. Colorado. 2013-
2×4, Inc. – Michael Rock graphic designer. New York. 1994-
Experimental Jetset graphic design studio. Netherlands. 1997-
Jones and Jones architects. Washington. 1969-
NEZU AYMO architects. Netherlands. 2009-
OMA – Rem Koolhaas architect, architectural theorist, urbanist. Netherlands. 1944-
OPPENheim Architecture + Design architects. New York, Switzerland. 1999
Pentagram design consultancy. London, New York, San Francisco, Austin, Berlin. 1972-
Sagmeister & Walsh design studio. New York. 1993-
Studio on Fire letterpress studio. Minnesota.
T.R. Hamzah and Yeang Sdn Bhd architects, eco-designers. Malaysia. 1976-